A Review of Studies on Real Estate Investment Performance in Nigeria
Keywords:Investment performance, Nigeria, real estate, review, risk-return
This study has been conducted to review the studies conducted on property investment performance in Nigeria with the aim of providing a clear insight into the trend, authors’ affiliations, performance measurement techniques and the geographical focus of these studies. Published and unpublished research works in this research area were sourced and reviewed. The data and information used were sourced from online databases such as Google, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, and ResearchGate. Printed journals (local and international), published and unpublished Masters and PhD theses were also among the sources of the data used. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the authors’ contributions, affiliations, geographical focus and the annual research trend of real estate investment performance in Nigeria and the results reported. The study found that the first study conducted on the performance of real estate investment was Olaleye (2000) followed by Olaleye (2002). Olaleye, A., Oyewole, M. O. and Dabara, D. I. were found to be the most active and leading researchers on this research area with contributory scores of 3.87, 3.61 and 3.21 respectively. On the average, about 2 studies on the subject were carried out annually with focus majorly on the Lagos property market, Southwest Nigeria. The review further revealed that nominal rate of returns, Sharpe index and coefficient of variation were the common performance measurement indices often adopted by majority of the previous authors. This study recommends that collaborative effort should be established among scholars of estate management and practicing estate surveyors and valuers with a view to bridging the gap between theory and practice and boosting property data banking in Nigeria. The geographical scope of real estate investment performance in Nigeria needs to be expanded to adequately cover all the regional property markets.
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